HERE ARE 12 THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW:
1. BIODIVERSITY IS MORE THAN JUST THE TOTAL NUMBER OF SPECIES ON EARTH.
“It is actually more complex than that,” Dr. Thomas Lovejoy, the late ecologist, told the United Nations Foundation in 2018. “It’s about the genetic diversity within species, the diversity of habitats, and the large biological units known as biomes.”
This includes the interactions that occur between species within ecosystems – primordial relationships that shape our environment in countless, often unseen ways.
“Without biological diversity, there is no other life on Earth — including our own,” he explained. “Even though we are often oblivious to it, this diversity of life is what provides clean water, oxygen, and all other things that end up being part of our diet, as well as clothing and shelter. It provides a lot of psychological benefits too, which are not much appreciated.”
2. WE’RE ONLY JUST BEGINNING TO UNDERSTAND BIODIVERSITY’S INFLUENCE AND IMPORTANCE IN OUR LIVES.
Earth’s many ecosystems rely on a delicate, complicated, and fascinating tangle of life that, in many ways, remains a mystery. In fact, the term “biological diversity” wasn’t introduced to the scientific community until 1980 in a research paper on species loss by Dr. Lovejoy. Scientists still haven’t identified all forms of life on the planet. New species are discovered every year.