Albania Built Environment

Albania Biodiversity: Animal and Plant Species and What is Under Threat

todaySeptember 8, 2023


Albania, located in the Balkans, is home to a rich diversity of animal and plant species. Its geographical location has contributed to its high level of biodiversity, making it a unique and valuable part of Europe’s ecosystem.

However, this biodiversity is under threat from various factors, including habitat loss, climate change, and human activity such as hunting and pollution. To preserve Albania’s natural treasures, efforts must be made towards wildlife preservation and conservation.

Key Takeaways:

  • Albania’s rich biodiversity is due to its location in the Balkans.
  • The country’s animal and plant species are under threat from various factors.
  • Efforts towards wildlife preservation and conservation are necessary to protect Albania’s natural treasures.

The Richness of Albania’s Biodiversity

Albania boasts an impressive array of animal and plant species, making it one of the most biodiverse countries in Europe. Its location in the Balkans, where various climatic and geological factors converge, has led to an exceptional range of habitats and ecological niches, fostering a diverse range of species.

The country’s species richness is particularly evident in its forests, which cover around 36% of the country’s landmass and contain a wide variety of tree species, including the endangered Balkan lynx (Lynx lynx martinoi). Albania’s forests are also home to numerous bird species, such as the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) and the black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius).

Albania’s marine biodiversity is also noteworthy. The country’s coastal waters are home to several species of dolphins, turtles, and sharks. The endangered Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) is also found along the Albanian coast.

Protected Areas in Albania Designation Area (km2)
Valbona National Park National Park 8,000
Butrint National Park National Park 29
Divjaka-Karavasta National Park National Park 223
Shebenik-Jabllanice National Park National Park 33,927
Tomorr Mountain National Park National Park 24
Prespa National Park Transboundary Protected Area 2,000

Albania’s protected areas, which cover around 15% of the country’s land area, are key to preserving its biodiversity. Among these areas are the Valbona National Park, Butrint National Park, Divjaka-Karavasta National Park, Shebenik-Jabllanice National Park, Tomorr Mountain National Park and Prespa National Park. These areas are home to a wide range of species, including the brown bear (Ursus arctos), Balkan lynx, and the Albanian oak (Quercus frainetto).

The country’s commitment to protecting its natural heritage is reflected in its designation as a biodiversity hotspot in Europe. Albania’s efforts in preserving its biodiversity have also led to increased tourism, with visitors flocking to the country to explore its unique natural beauty.

Albania biodiversity

Threatened Species in Albania

Albania’s unique biodiversity is under threat due to various factors such as habitat loss and degradation, climate change, illegal hunting and poaching, and pollution. As a result, several species in Albania are endangered and require conservation efforts to ensure their survival.

One such species is the Balkan Lynx, which is critically endangered and found only in the western Balkans. The population of this species has declined due to habitat loss and poaching, with only around 40 individuals left in Albania. Conservation efforts are ongoing, including initiatives to increase protection of their habitats and reduce poaching.

Another threatened species in Albania is the Dalmatian Pelican, whose population has decreased due to habitat loss and degradation. Efforts are underway to protect their breeding and feeding habitats, which are vital for their survival.

The Albanian Oak, a species of tree found only in Albania, is also under threat due to deforestation for timber and agriculture, as well as climate change. Conservation efforts include restoration of degraded areas and protection of habitats through the creation of protected areas.

Conservation efforts for endangered species in Albania are led by various organizations, including the Albanian Society for the Protection of Birds and Mammals (APSBM) and the National Agency for Protected Areas (NAPA). These organizations work towards protecting and conserving Albania’s unique wildlife through research, habitat conservation, and awareness-raising initiatives.

Preserving Albania’s biodiversity is crucial not only for the survival of individual species but also for the health of entire ecosystems. Through sustained conservation efforts and environmental sustainability practices, we can ensure that Albania’s natural treasures continue to thrive for generations to come.

Endangered species in Albania

Nature Sanctuaries and Protected Areas in Albania

Albania boasts a number of nature sanctuaries and protected areas that play a crucial role in preserving the country’s biodiversity. These protected areas cover approximately 18% of the country’s total land area and are home to a diverse array of animal and plant species.

One of the most notable protected areas in Albania is the Valbona Valley National Park. This park is located in the northern part of the country and is known for its stunning natural beauty. It is also home to a number of endangered species, including the Balkan lynx, brown bear, and wolf.

Another important protected area in Albania is the Karaburun-Sazan National Marine Park. This park is located in the Adriatic Sea and is one of the largest marine protected areas in the Mediterranean. It is home to a variety of marine life, including dolphins, sea turtles, and various species of fish. It is also a key breeding ground for the endangered monk seal.

protected areas Albania

These protected areas are essential for preserving Albania’s biodiversity. They serve as important habitats for endangered species and also help to maintain healthy ecosystems. In addition, these protected areas are significant contributors to the biodiversity hotspot in Europe, which includes some of the most ecologically diverse regions on the continent.

However, these protected areas face a number of challenges, including poaching, habitat destruction, and climate change. Efforts are being made to address these issues, such as increasing enforcement of wildlife protection laws and promoting sustainable land-use practices.

Overall, Albania’s nature sanctuaries and protected areas are valuable assets that must be preserved and protected. They play a critical role in maintaining the country’s biodiversity and contribute to the overall health of Europe’s ecosystems.

The Importance of Environmental Sustainability in Albania

Albania’s remarkable ecosystem diversity Europe is a testament to the country’s unique geography and rich heritage. However, with increased human activity and climate change, the preservation of this biodiversity has become more critical than ever.

Environmental sustainability Albania is crucial to ensure the protection of this natural heritage for future generations. By adopting sustainable practices, we can mitigate the impact of human activities on the environment, reduce pollution, and conserve natural resources.

ecosystem diversity Europe

“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children.” – Native American Proverb

It is our responsibility to protect the environment, and Albania has taken significant steps towards achieving this goal. The country has designated several nature sanctuaries and protected areas, which serve as biodiversity hotspots in Europe.

Environmental sustainability Albania must remain a top priority for policymakers, business owners, and individuals alike. By working together, we can ensure that future generations can enjoy the country’s magnificently rich biodiversity and the benefits it provides.

The Importance of Environmental Sustainability in Albania

Albania’s rich biodiversity, as we have seen, is a source of pride and wonder. But with this comes a great responsibility to ensure the long-term environmental sustainability of the country. This means taking action to protect the natural habitats and ecosystems that support the diverse range of animal and plant species found in Albania.

One of the key ways in which Albania is working towards environmental sustainability is through the establishment of nature sanctuaries and protected areas. These areas serve as crucial habitats for endangered species, helping to ensure their survival in the face of threats like habitat loss and climate change.

But it’s not just protected areas that are important – individuals and communities also have a role to play in promoting environmental sustainability in Albania. This can include taking steps to reduce waste and pollution, supporting eco-friendly businesses, and advocating for policies that protect the environment.

Ultimately, the importance of environmental sustainability in Albania goes beyond just preserving its biodiversity – it is critical for the health and well-being of the country’s people and ecosystems as well. By working together to promote sustainability, we can help to ensure that future generations can continue to enjoy the natural wonders that Albania has to offer.


Albania’s biodiversity is a testament to the country’s natural beauty and ecological significance. From the unique animal and plant species to the protected areas that help to preserve them, there is much to be celebrated and protected.

But the threats facing Albania’s biodiversity are real, and the need for environmental sustainability is urgent. By understanding the challenges and taking action at all levels – from individual choices to national policies – we can work towards a future in which Albania’s natural treasures are safeguarded for generations to come.

Let us all join hands and support initiatives aimed at protecting Albania’s biodiversity, nature sanctuaries and promoting environmental sustainability for the long-term well-being of Albania and its people.


Q: What is Albania biodiversity?

A: Albania biodiversity refers to the variety of animal and plant species found in the country. It is known for its richness and diversity, particularly in the Balkans region.

Q: What are some endangered species in Albania?

A: Albania is home to several endangered species, including the Balkan Lynx, Dalmatian Pelican, and European Ground Squirrel. Conservation efforts are being made to protect these species and their habitats.

Q: How are protected areas contributing to biodiversity preservation in Albania?

A: Protected areas in Albania play a vital role in preserving the country’s biodiversity. They provide safe habitats for endangered species and help maintain ecosystem balance by restricting human activities that may harm wildlife and their habitats.

Q: Why is environmental sustainability important in Albania?

A: Environmental sustainability is crucial in Albania to ensure the long-term preservation of its biodiversity. By adopting sustainable practices and protecting natural resources, Albania can maintain its unique ecosystems and contribute to the overall health of the planet.

You may also be curious about Albania’s Top Green Buildings.

Written by: Jackie De Burca

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